Ess~ Yeah, “we” is correct, since “I” didn’t get here by meself.
What exactly are the "courtly traditions" which the Roman Catholic Church considered heretical, and why?
Stephen~ The first word that came to mind in answer to your question: Camelot.
I promise to have a solid (non-mythical) point.
“Camelot as a place is associated with ideals like justice, bravery and truth, the virtues Arthur and his knights embody in the romances.” wiki
Perfect time slot. 12th century trace. Kudos to Chrétien de Troyes.
The concept/theme of romantic love found its way into tradition upon the high courts through the works of French troubadours, (the first rock stars) again--high middle ages, 12th century.
Influential ladies, such as E D’A—in my earlier post, encouraged their messages of romance & eroticism. For the first time in European history, erotic literature/song/poetry was created purely for a female audience, hailing women as forces worthy of all the moral qualities of life AND passion. Openly displayed passion. PDA’s unlike any ever before. “Tennis, anyone?”
“Paris said amour courtois was an idolization and ennobling discipline. The lover (idolizer) accepts the independence of his mistress and tries to make himself worthy of her by acting bravely and honorably (nobly) and by doing whatever deeds she might desire.” wiki
Medieval love games/foreplay with rules of etiquette complete with a code, and since men love to pursue/compete/win, it was just extra fuel for their fire toward chivalry & knighthood. There were a couple of problems with that on both sides of the ruling fences. With such love in the air, and so many Lancelots running around, blue bloods began to seriously question their heirs. Forced/Arranged marriages were the norm and had nothing to do with love, but political & spiritual attainment controlled by the church.
Men & women wanted control in choosing a mate. People wanted to marry for love, no matter what the nobles arranged or what the church said. So the church tightened every thumb-screw down on that notion, because Agape was losing ground to erotic notions, and they were losing control of who was doing who for what, when, how, or why.
Courtly love saw a woman as an ennobling spiritual and moral force, a view that was in opposition to ecclesiastical sexual attitudes. Rather than being critical of romantic and sexual love as sinful, the poets praised it as the highest good. Marriage had been declared a sacrament of the Church, at the Fourth Lateran Council, 1215, and within Christian marriage, the only purpose was procreation with any sex beyond that purpose seen as non-pious. The ideal state of a Christian was celibacy, even in marriage. By the beginning of the 13th century the ideas of courtly tradition were condemned by the church as being heretical.
Was the Pope on dope, or what?
That’s why the Madonna rose as a pearl in the crown of the Pope. She was supposed to cool the moral climate of L O V E and restore piety back to its frigid temps.
My cheeky side says it’s because the church wanted to keep all the hot-sexy men to themselves, which is not completely unfounded, so don’t slay my little dragon thought too quickly.
On another love note, aren’t you a fan of C.S. Lewis’ works?
C.S. Lewis wrote the influential The Allegory of Love further solidifying courtly love as "love of a highly specialized sort, whose characteristics may be enumerated as Humility, Courtesy, Adultery, and the Religion of Love".