John, this saying is part of a parable. The words are attributed in the parable to "a certain man, a noble, who went into a far country, to obtain for himself a kingdom, and to return." The parable also states that his citizens hated him and did not want him to rule over them. The noble also refers to himself as a harsh man who dealt severely with his slave who did not put money entrusted to him in the bank to earn interest and instead hid it in a hankerchief for safekeeping. I've never seen a study on this parable and don't know what it means other than "To whom much is given, much will be required", but I'm sure others here may know, and I will try to see if I can find any studies done on this particular parable.