Statesboro, GA, USA
Oh, I think it’s 1). Supervielle does not condemn God, he absolves him.
But this kind of "absolving" is itself condemned in the Bible, isn't it? It reminds me of a pretentious lover who says, "I'm leaving you because you're too good for me". Would you really buy that? It seems to me like a false humility, because it attempts to ascribe to God good motives, but only at the expense of maligning his ability. (Translated: he's an icompetent buffoon, but he's got a good heart). That might be reasonable, if it didn't ignore so much of what God has done in time-space, and in history ... but even if it were true, you could hardly call such a being "God". That little omnipotent clause is sort of bound in the Judeo-Christian view of God, just as much as the omni-benevolence part.
Also, if God can't "touch" his creation, having no hands, then how did he make it to start with? Supervielle will have a hard time justifying his statement that the work of God is "no longer" within himself. Why this melancholy division? What changed? What created law or rule of God which couldn't prevent him previously, has bound him now? While Supervielle entertains the thought that things were once different, you talk about it as if it were some kind of metaphysical first-principle, that prevents God from action. In that much you differ from Supervielle? However if you could be persuaded that Supervielle was right about the dispensational / pro-tempore nature of God's ability to save ... would you want to believe him? Knowing that God once saved, onced acted, are you sure that S. is right about him not being able to do so ever again? Are you prepared to accept what that means for us all, and for you in particular?
The difficult thing about it all, is that even among the pious and faithful, since the beginning, there have been seasons in which God withheld blessing. There have been "Job" experiences, both national and individual, too countless to number. And even among the "faithful" there have been doubts and musings about whether God has cut off his mercies forever. Here's a bit of Hebrew poetry to illustrate that:
"I cried out to God for help.
I cried out to God to hear me.
When I was in distress, I sought the Lord.
At night, I stretched out untiring hands
and my soul refused to be comforted
... My heart mused, and my spirit inquired:
'Will the Lord reject forever?
Will he never show his favor again?
Has his unfailing love vanished forever?
Has his promise failed for all time?
Has God forgotten to be merciful?
Has he in anger withheld his compassion?'
Then I thought, 'To this I will appeal:
the years of the right hand of the Most High.
I will remember the deeds of the LORD;
yes I will remember your miracles of long ago.
I will meditate on all your works
and consider all your mighty deeds."
This in my opinion is the more difficult, but ultimately better conclusion to come to. It's too easy to want to preserve some kind of sterile, clinical, "goodness" about God, while rejecting the stormy, dramatic, breathtaking and romantic kind of goodness that we are presented with in the divine record. The best of lovers' relationships are stormy and may have moments of estrangement ... misconceptions ... mystery and the rest. Will we "remember", or let doubt harden into unbelief? I have reason to believe that hopeful waiting will be rewarded, because it's happened to me, and to others:
"I waited patiently for the LORD.
He turned to me and heard my cry.
He lifted me out of the slimy pit,
out of the mud and mire.
He set my feet on a rock
and gave me a firm place to stand.
He put a new song in mouth,
a hymn of praise to our God.
Many will see and fear
and put their trust in the LORD"
And remember, John, we are the ones who are directly culpable for much of the evil we see, therefore should we wonder if things are stormy? Should we wonder why things aren't just automatic? Why it took such a dramatic and puzzling cure as the cross?
As far as Supervielle goes, I would be cautious of his views on this (doubtless he is a great poet- but sometimes the art is superior to the philosophy it cradles). Even Judas said "I have betrayed innocent blood", but no one remembers him as the "absolver" of God, but as betrayer. That kind of "silver" was thrown back at his own feet.
Sorry if I ranted,
but I wanted to try to express my thoughts