In 1986 President Reagan ordered bombing raids conducted on Libya. I include part of the Wiki article on the topic:
The attacks failed to kill Gaddafi. Forewarned by a telephone call, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his family rushed out of their residence in the Bab al-Azizia compound moments before the bombs dropped.
It was long thought that the call came from Malta's Prime Minister, Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici. However, according to Giulio Andreotti (the 42nd Prime Minister of Italy) and Abdel Rahman Shalgham (Libya's Foreign Minister from 2000 until 2009), Italian politician Bettino Craxi was the person who actually warned Gaddafi.
According to medical staff in the nearby hospital, two dozen people arrived in military uniform and two without uniform. Total Libyan casualties are estimated at 60, including casualties at the bombed airbases. Among the casualties was an infant girl, whose body was shown to American reporters and who was claimed to be Gaddafi's recently adopted daughter; others have raised doubts about this claim, suggesting it was a "posthumous adoption".
In July 2008, Gaddafi's son Saif al Islam announced that an agreement was being negotiated with the United States whereby Libya would make any future compensation payments to American victims of terror attacks conditional upon the settlement of claims by victims of the U.S. bombing of Libya in 1986. On August 14, 2008 the resultant U.S.-Libya Comprehensive Claims Settlement Agreement was signed in Tripoli by Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, David Welch, and by Libya's Secretary for American Affairs, Ahmad Fituri.
In October 2008 Libya paid US$1.5 billion, over three installments of US$300 million on October 9, 2008, US$600 million on October 30, 2008, and a final US$600 million October 31, 2008, into a fund which will be used to compensate relatives of the
Lockerbie bombing victims an additional US$2 million each, after having paid them US$8 million earlier;
American victims of the 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing;
American victims of the 1989 UTA Flight 772 bombing; and,
Libyan victims of the 1986 US bombing of Tripoli and Benghazi.
To pay the settlement, Libya demanded US$1.5 billion from global oil companies operating in Libya's oil fields, under threat of "serious consequences" to their leases. Libya's settlement was at least partially funded by some companies, including some based in the U.S., that chose to cooperate with Libya's demand.
As a result, President George W. Bush signed an executive order restoring the Libyan government's immunity from terror-related lawsuits and dismissing all of the pending compensation cases in the United States.
I welcome any further accounts.
I had not been aware until seeing this article that there had been any doubt about the adopting of the baby girl who was killed in the '86 raid.
The current bombings are, to my mind, wrong. The raids in "86 were also wrong. The commonality to my mind, being murder and civilians.
Despite being morally wrong, it is indeed possible that both actions accomplished constructive purposes. Such statements cannot help but get me in trouble on any number of grounds. I would point out that all events are not squashed onto the same absolute level of abstraction and leave it at that for now.
For those who have an interest in this sort of thing, I would like to underline how George Bush blocked the payment of damages to survivors of the Lockerbie bombing and other terrorist activities when it turned out that some disbursement of oil funds might be involved. Apparently the media didn't publicize that very well.
I'm interested in all alternative readings, of course, and all reasonably well backed information that might fill out background or provide alternative views.
I'm also interested in any discussion.